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Normal anatomy:

The thyroid gland, a part of the endocrine (hormone) system, plays a major role in regulating the body's metabolism.


Normal anatomy


Indications:

Thyroidectomy may be recommended for:

  • increased thyroid function (hyperthyroidism; thyrotoxicosis)
  • decreased thyroid function (hypothyroidism) with enlargement(hypertrophy) of the gland
  • primary cancer of the thyroid
  • enlargement of the thyroid (nontoxic goiter)

Indications


Incision:

While the patient is deep asleep and pain-free (general anesthesia), an incision is made in the front of the neck.


Incision


Procedure:

The thyroid gland is removed. Either one lobe of the thyroid gland, or the entire gland, is removed, depending on the disease process being treated.


Procedure


Aftercare:

The results of thyroid surgery are usually excellent. Monitoring of thyroid hormone production may continue for some months after the operation. Some patients may need to take supplemental thyroid hormone after thyroidectomy.


Aftercare



Review Date: 7/22/2008
Reviewed By: Shimul A. Shah, MD, Assistant Professor of Surgery, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.

The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical professional should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Call 911 for all medical emergencies. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. © 1997- A.D.A.M., Inc. Any duplication or distribution of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited.
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