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Mucosal biopsy
Mucosal biopsy


Definition:

A skin culture is a laboratory test to look for and identify disease-causing substances in a sample of skin. It is called a mucosal culture if the sample involves the mucous membranes .



Alternative Names:

Mucosal culture; Culture - skin; Culture - mucosal



How the test is performed:

A sample of skin or mucous membrane is needed. For information on how this is done, see:

The sample is sent to a laboratory and placed in a special dish (called a culture medium). The laboratory team checks the dish at different time periods to see if a bacteria, virus, or fungus has grown. Further tests can be done to identify the specific organism and determine the best treatment.



How to prepare for the test:

There is no preparation needed for a culture. For information on how to prepare for a skin or mucosal sample, see:



How the test will feel:

The laboratory test does not involve the patient, so it is painless. For information on how it may feel to give a skin or mucosal sample, see:



Why the test is performed:

Your doctor may order this test if you have signs or symptoms of an acute or chronic infection of the skin or mucous membranes.



Normal Values:

A normal result means no disease-causing organisms are seen on the skin or mucosal sample.

Some microorganisms normally live on the skin. These are not a sign of infection and are considered a normal finding.

Note: Normal value ranges may vary slightly among different laboratories. Talk to your doctor about the meaning of your specific test results.



What abnormal results mean:

An abnormal result means a bacteria, fungus, or virus is present. This may be a sign of infection.



What the risks are:

A laboratory culture does not pose a risk to the patient. For information on risks related to removing a sample of skin or mucosal tissue, see:




Review Date: 12/3/2007
Reviewed By: D. Scott Smith, M.D., MSc, DTM&H, Chief of Infectious Disease & Geographic Medicine, Kaiser Redwood City, CA & Adjunct Assistant Professor, Stanford University. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.

The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical professional should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Call 911 for all medical emergencies. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. © 1997- A.D.A.M., Inc. Any duplication or distribution of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited.
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