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Amylase urine test
Amylase urine test


Definition:

This is a test that measures the amount of amylase in urine. Amylase is an enzyme that helps digest carbohydrates. It is produced mainly in the pancreas and the glands that make saliva.

Amylase may also be measured with a blood test. See: Amylase - blood



How the test is performed:

A urine sample is needed. The test may be performed using a single urine sample or a 24-hour urine collection. For information on how to collect a sample, see:



How to prepare for the test:

Your health care provider may tell you to stop taking certain drugs that can affect test results. Drugs that can increase amylase levels include:

  • Asparaginase
  • Aspirin
  • Pentazocine
  • Cholinergic agents
  • Corticosteroids
  • Indomethacin
  • Loop and thiazide diuretics
  • Methyldopa
  • Codeine
  • Morphine
  • Birth control pills


How the test will feel:

The test involves only normal urination, and there is no discomfort.



Why the test is performed:

This test is done to diagnose pancreatitis and other diseases that affect the pancreas. Your doctor may also order this test to see how treatment for such conditions is working.



Normal Values:

The normal range is 2.6 to 21.2 international units per hour (IU/h).



What abnormal results mean:

An increased amount of amylase in the urine is called amylasuria. Increased amylase levels may indicate:

Decreased amylase levels may be due to:

What the risks are:

There are no risks.



References:

Owyang C. Pancreatitis. In: Goldman L, Ausiello D, eds. Cecil Medicine. 23rd ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2007:chap 147.




Review Date: 5/20/2009
Reviewed By: David C. Dugdale, III, MD, Professor of Medicine, Division of General Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.

The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical professional should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Call 911 for all medical emergencies. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. © 1997- A.D.A.M., Inc. Any duplication or distribution of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited.
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