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Mongolian blue spots
Mongolian blue spots


Neonate
Neonate


Definition:

Mongolian spots are flat, blue, or blue-gray skin markings that commonly appear at birth or shortly thereafter.

See also: Rashes



Alternative Names:

Mongolian spots; Congenital dermal melanocytosis; Dermal melanocytosis



Causes, incidence, and risk factors:

Mongolian blue spots are common among darker skinned persons, such as those who are of Asian, East Indian, and African descent.



Symptoms:

Mongolian spots are noncancerous skin markings and are not associated with disease. The markings may cover a large area of the back.

Occasionally, Mongolian blue spots are mistaken for bruises, which can raise a question about possible child abuse . It is important to recognize that Mongolian blue spots are birthmarks, NOT bruises.

Symptoms include:

  • Blue or blue-gray spots on the back, buttocks, base of spine, shoulders, and other body areas
  • Flat area with irregular shape and unclear edges
  • Normal skin texture
  • The spots are usually 2 - 8 centimeters wide


Signs and tests:

No tests are needed. Your doctor can diagnose this condition by looking at the skin.



Treatment:

No treatment is necessary or recommended.



Support Groups:



Expectations (prognosis):

The spots often fade in a few years and are almost always gone by adolescence.



Complications:

There are no complications.



Calling your health care provider:

All birthmarks should be examined by a health care provider during the routine newborn examination.



Prevention:




Review Date: 4/10/2009
Reviewed By: Kevin Berman, MD, PhD, Atlanta Center for Dermatologic Disease, Atlanta, GA. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.

The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical professional should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Call 911 for all medical emergencies. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. © 1997- A.D.A.M., Inc. Any duplication or distribution of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited.
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