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Needle biopsy of the breast
Needle biopsy of the breast


Intraductal papilloma
Intraductal papilloma


Abnormal discharge from the nipple
Abnormal discharge from the nipple


Definition:

Intraductal papilloma is a small, noncancerous (benign) tumor that grows in a milk duct of the breast.



Causes, incidence, and risk factors:

Intraductal papilloma occurs most often in women ages 35 - 55. The causes and risk factors are unknown.



Signs and tests:

Intraductal papilloma is the most common cause of spontaneous nipple discharge from a single duct.

The health care professional might feel a small lump beneath the nipple, but this lump cannot always be felt (palpable). A mammogram often does not show papillomas. Ultrasound may be helpful.

Other tests include:

  • A breast biopsy to rule out cancer
  • An examination of the discharge to see if the cells are cancerous (malignant)
  • An x-ray with contrast dye injected into the affected duct (ductogram)


Treatment:

The involved duct is surgically removed and the cells are checked for cancer (biopsy ).



Support Groups:

There may be support groups for women with breast disease in your area. Ask your doctor or other health care provider for a recommendation.



Expectations (prognosis):

The outcome is excellent for people with one tumor. People with many tumors, or who get them at an early age may have an increased risk of developing cancer, particularly if they have a family history of cancer or there are abnormal cells in the biopsy.



Complications:

Complications of surgery can include bleeding, infection, and anesthesia risks. If the biopsy shows cancer, you may need further surgery.



Calling your health care provider:

Call your health care provider if you notice any breast discharge or a breast lump.



Prevention:

There is no known way to prevent intraductal papilloma. Breast self-examination and screening mammograms can help detect the disease early.




Review Date: 8/17/2007
Reviewed By: Melanie N. Smith, MD, PhD, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network.

The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical professional should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Call 911 for all medical emergencies. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. © 1997- A.D.A.M., Inc. Any duplication or distribution of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited.
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