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Thrombus
Thrombus


Janeway lesion on the finger
Janeway lesion on the finger


Deep venous thrombosis, ileofemoral
Deep venous thrombosis, ileofemoral


Definition:

Blood clots are the clumps that occur when the blood hardens from a liquid to a solid (coagulates). A blood clot that forms inside a blood vessel or within the heart and remains there is called a thrombus.

A thrombus that travels from the blood vessel or heart to another location in the body is called an embolus. The disorder is called an embolism. For example, an embolus that occurs in the lungs is called a pulmonary embolism.

Sometimes other materials can act like an embolus and block blood flow, including:

See also:



Alternative Names:

Clot; Emboli; Thrombi



Causes, incidence, and risk factors:



Symptoms:



Signs and tests:



Treatment:



Support Groups:



Expectations (prognosis):



Complications:

Thrombi and emboli can firmly attach to a blood vessel. They can partially or completely block the flow of blood in that vessel.

A blockage in the blood vessel prevents normal blood flow and oxygen from reaching the tissues in that location. This is called ischemia. If ischemia is not treated promptly, it can result in tissue damage, or death of the tissues in that area.



Calling your health care provider:



Prevention:




Review Date: 6/10/2008
Reviewed By: Sean O. Stitham, MD, private practice in Internal Medicine, Seattle, Washington; and James R. Mason, MD, Oncologist, Director, Blood and Marrow Transplantation Program and Stem Cell Processing Lab, Scripps Clinic, Torrey Pines, California. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.

The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical professional should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Call 911 for all medical emergencies. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. © 1997- A.D.A.M., Inc. Any duplication or distribution of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited.
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