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Thyroid gland
Thyroid gland


Definition:

Thyroid storm is a life-threatening condition that develops in cases of untreated thyrotoxicosis (hyperthyroidism ).



Alternative Names:

Thyrotoxic storm; Hyperthyroid storm



Causes, incidence, and risk factors:

Thyroid storm results from untreated hyperthyroidism. It is usually brought on by a stress such as trauma or infection.



Symptoms:

Symptoms are severe and may include:



Signs and tests:
  • The top number in a blood pressure reading may be high
  • Increased heart rate

Blood tests are done to evaluate thyroid function.



Treatment:



Support Groups:



Expectations (prognosis):



Complications:

Congestive heart failure and pulmonary edema can develop rapidly and lead to death.



Calling your health care provider:

This is an emergency condition. Call 911 or another emergency number if you have hyperthyroidism and experience these symptoms.



Prevention:



References:

AACE Thyroid Task Force. American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists Medical Guidelines for Clinical Practice for the Evaluation and Treatment of Hyperthyroidism and Hypothyroidism. Endocr Pract. 2002;8(6):459.

Ladenson P, Kim M. Thyroid. In: Goldman L and Ausiello D, eds. Goldman: Cecil Medicine. 23rd ed. Philadelphia, Pa:Saunders; 2007:chap 244.




Review Date: 6/17/2008
Reviewed By: Elizabeth H. Holt, MD, PhD, Assistant Professor of Medicine, Section of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Yale University. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.

The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical professional should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Call 911 for all medical emergencies. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. © 1997- A.D.A.M., Inc. Any duplication or distribution of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited.
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