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Sacrum
Sacrum


Anterior skeletal anatomy
Anterior skeletal anatomy


Definition:

A pelvis x-ray is a picture of the bones surrounding the hip area. The pelvis connects the legs to the body.



Alternative Names:

X-ray - pelvis



How the test is performed:

The test is performed in a hospital radiology department or in the health care provider's office by an x-ray technician. You will be asked to lie down on the table. The pictures are then taken, with the body repositioned to provide different views.



How to prepare for the test:

Inform the health care provider if you are pregnant. Remove all jewelry. You will wear a hospital gown.



How the test will feel:

There is no discomfort except possibly from positioning the body.



Why the test is performed:

The x-ray is used to detect fractures , tumors, or degenerative conditions of bones in the hips, pelvis, and upper legs.



Normal Values:



What abnormal results mean:

Abnormal results may suggest:

  • Pelvic fractures
  • Arthritis of the hip joint
  • Tumors of the bones of the pelvis
  • Sacroiliitis (inflammation of the area where the sacrum joins the ilium bone)
  • Ankylosing spondylitis (abnormal stiffness of the spine and joint)


What the risks are:

There is low radiation exposure. However, pregnant women and children are more sensitive to the risks of x-rays.



Special considerations:



References:

Rogers LF, Taljanovic MS, Boles CA. Skeletal trauma. In: Grainger RC, Allison D, Adam, Dixon AK, eds. Grainger & Allison's Diagnostic Radiology. 5th ed. New York, NY: Churchill Livingstone; 2008:chap 46.




Review Date: 7/10/2009
Reviewed By: Linda J. Vorvick, MD, Medical Director, MEDEX Northwest Division of Physician Assistant Studies, University of Washington, School of Medicine; and C. Benjamin Ma, MD, Assistant Professor, Chief, Sports Medicine and Shoulder Service, UCSF Dept of Orthopaedic Surgery. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.

The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical professional should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Call 911 for all medical emergencies. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. © 1997- A.D.A.M., Inc. Any duplication or distribution of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited.
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