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Male urinary system
Male urinary system


Definition:

The glucose urine test measures the amount of sugar (glucose) in a urine sample. The presence of glucose in the urine is called glucosuria.

See also:



Alternative Names:

Urine sugar test; Urine glucose test; Glucosuria test



How the test is performed:

A urine sample is needed. For information on collecting a urine sample, see clean catch urine specimen .

Usually, the health care provider checks for glucose in the urine sample using a dipstick made with a color-sensitive pad. The pad contains chemicals that react with glucose. The color that the dipstick changes tells the provider how much glucose is in your urine.



How to prepare for the test:

Your health care provider may tell you to stop taking drugs that may affect the results of the test.

Drugs that may increase urine glucose measurements include:

  • Aminosalicylic acid
  • Cephalosporins
  • Chloral hydrate
  • Chloramphenicol
  • Dextrothyroxine
  • Diazoxide
  • Diuretics (loop and thiazides)
  • Estrogens
  • Ifosfamide
  • Isoniazid
  • Levodopa
  • Lithium
  • Nafcillin
  • Nalidixic acid
  • Nicotinic acid (large doses)

Other drugs also can cause false negative or false positive results, depending on the type of test strip used. Talk to your doctor.



How the test will feel:

The test involves only normal urination, and there is no discomfort.



Why the test is performed:

This test is most commonly used to screen for possible diabetes .



Normal Values:

Glucose is not usually found in urine. If it is, further testing is needed.



What abnormal results mean:

Greater than normal levels of glucose may be a sign of:

  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Abnormal glucose release from the kidneys into the urine (renal glycosuria)

Note: Results may vary slightly among different laboratories. Talk to your doctor about the meaning of your specific test results.



What the risks are:

There are no risks.




Review Date: 2/7/2008
Reviewed By: Parul Patel, MD, Private Practice specializing in Nephrology and Kidney and Pancreas Transplantation, affiliated with California Pacific Medical Center, Department of Transplantation, San Francisco, CA. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.

The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical professional should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Call 911 for all medical emergencies. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. © 1997- A.D.A.M., Inc. Any duplication or distribution of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited.
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