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Definition:

Groin pain refers to discomfort in the area where the abdomen ends and the legs begin. This article focuses on groin pain in men.



Alternative Names:

Pain - groin; Lower abdominal pain; Genital pain; Perineal pain



Considerations:

In males, the terms "groin" and "testicle" are sometimes used interchangeably. But what causes pain in one won't necessarily do so in the other.



Common Causes:

Common causes of groin pain in men include:



Home Care:

Home care depends on the underlying cause. Follow your health care provider's recommendations.



Call your health care provider if:

Call your doctor if:

  • You have persistent and unexplained groin pain, particularly if it is a burning pain
  • Pain affects only one testicle for more than 3 hours
  • Physical changes have occurred in the area, such as a testicular mass or skin discoloration
  • There is blood in the urine


What to expect at your health care provider's office:

The doctor will perform a physical exam and ask questions about your medical history and symptoms, such as:

  • Has you had an injury recently?
  • Has there been a change in your activity, especially a recent strain, heavy lifting, or similar activity?
  • When did the groin pain start?
  • Is it increasing?
  • Is it always present?
  • What other symptoms do you have? For example, a groin lump , fever , swollen glands , or blood in the urine.
  • Have you been exposed to any sexually transmitted diseases?

The physical examination will include examination of the groin area. A hidden hernia can be found in men by inserting one finger into the scrotal sac while asking the patient to cough. Coughing raises the pressure in the abdomen and pushes the loop of bowel into the hernia opening.

Tests that may be performed include:



References:

Ferri FF. Ferri’s Clinical Advisor 2007: Instant Diagnosis and Treatment. 9th ed. St. Louis, Mo: Mosby; 2007.

Wein AJ. Campbell-Walsh Urology. 9th ed. St. Louis, Mo: WB Saunders; 2007.




Review Date: 7/23/2007
Reviewed By: Marc Greenstein, DO, Urologist, North Jersey Center for Urologic Care, Denville, NJ. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network.

The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical professional should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Call 911 for all medical emergencies. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. © 1997- A.D.A.M., Inc. Any duplication or distribution of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited.
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