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The face
The face


Epicanthal fold
Epicanthal fold


Epicanthal folds
Epicanthal folds


Definition:

An epicanthal fold is skin of the upper eyelid -- from the nose to the inner side of the eyebrow -- that covers the inner corner (canthus) of the eye.



Alternative Names:

Plica palpebronasalis



Considerations:

The presence of an epicanthal fold is normal in people of Asiatic descent. An epicanthal fold is also common in children with Down syndrome . Epicanthal folds may also be seen in young children of any race before the bridge of the nose begins to elevate.



Common Causes:

Epicanthal folds may be normal for people of Asiatic descent and some non-Asian infants. However, it may also be due to certain medical conditions, including:



Home Care:

There is usually no home care needed.



Call your health care provider if:

This trait is usually found before or during the first well-baby exam. Call your health care provider if you notice epicanthal folds on your child's eyes and the reason for their presence is unknown.



What to expect at your health care provider's office:

The health care provider will obtain a medical history and will perform a physical examination.

Medical history questions documenting epicanthal folds in detail may include the following:

  • Family history
    • Are any family members affected with Down syndrome or other genetic disorder?
    • Is there any family history of mental retardation or birth defects?
  • What other symptoms or abnormalities are also present?

A child who is not Asian and is born with epicanthal folds may be examined for additional signs of Down syndrome or other genetic disorders.




Review Date: 3/14/2009
Reviewed By: Neil K. Kaneshiro, MD, MHA, Clinical Assistant Professor of Pediatrics, University of Washington School of Medicine. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.

The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical professional should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Call 911 for all medical emergencies. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. © 1997- A.D.A.M., Inc. Any duplication or distribution of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited.
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