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Definition:

This article discusses the health effects that occur from an overdose of corticosteroids, a type of anti-inflammatory medicine.

This is for information only and not for use in the treatment or management of an actual poison exposure. If you have an exposure, you should call your local emergency number (such as 911) or the National Poison Control Center at 1-800-222-1222.



Poisonous Ingredient:
  • Alclometasone dipropionate
  • Amcinonide
  • Augmented betamethasone dipropionate
  • Beclomethasone dipropionate
  • Betamethasone
  • Betamethasone benzoate
  • Betamethasone dipropionate
  • Betamethasone sodium phosphate
  • Betamethasone valerate
  • Clobetasol propionate
  • Clocortolone pivalate
  • Cortisone
  • Desonide
  • Desoximetasone
  • Dexamethasone
  • Dexamethasone acetate
  • Dexamethasone sodium phosphate
  • Diflorasone acetonide
  • Diflorasone diacetate
  • Flunisolide
  • Fluocinolone acetonide
  • Fluocinonide
  • Fluocinolone acetonide
  • Flurandrenolide
  • Fluticasone propionate
  • Halcinonide
  • Halobetasol propionate
  • Hydrocortisone
  • Hydrocortisone acetate
  • Hydrocortisone butyrate
  • Hydrocortisone sodium phosphate
  • Hydrocortisone valerate
  • Methylprednisolone
  • Methylprednisolone acetate
  • Methylprednisolone sodium succinate
  • Mometasone furoate
  • Prednisolone acetate
  • Prednisolone sodium phosphate
  • Prednisolone tebutate
  • Prednisone
  • Triamcinolone
  • Triamcinolone acetonide
  • Triamcinolone diacetate
  • Triamcinolone hexacetonide

Note: This list may not be all inclusive.



Where Found:
  • Alclometasone dipropionate (Delonal)
  • Augmented betamethasone dipropionate (Deprolene)
  • Beclomethasone dipropionate (Diprosone)
  • Betamethasone sodium phosphate (Celestone)
  • Betamethasone valerate (Valisone)
  • Clobetasol propionate (Temovate)
  • Clocortolone pivalate (Cloderm)
  • Desonide (DesOwen, Tridesilon)
  • Desoximetasone (Topicort)
  • Dexamethasone (Decadron)
  • Fluocinonide (Lidex)
  • Flunisolide (AeroBid)
  • Fluocinolone acetonide (Synalar)
  • Flurandrenolide (Cordran)
  • Fluticasone propionate (Cutivate)
  • Halcinonide (Halog)
  • Hydrocortisone (Cortef)
  • Hydrocortisone sodium phosphate (Solu-Cortef)
  • Hydrocortisone valerate (Westcort)
  • Methylprednisolone (Medrol)
  • Methylprednisolone sodium succinate (Solu-Medrol)
  • Mometasone furoate (Elocon)
  • Prednisolone sodium phosphate (Pred Fonte)
  • Prednisone (Deltasone)
  • Triamcinolone acetonide (Aristocort)

Note: This list may not be all inclusive.



Symptoms:
  • Burning or itching skin
  • Convulsions
  • Deafness
  • Depression
  • Dry skin
  • High blood pressure
  • Muscle weakness
  • Nervousness
  • Psychosis
  • Sleepiness
  • Stopping of menstrual cycle
  • Swelling in lower legs , ankles, or feet
  • Weakness
  • Worsening of health conditions such as ulcers, diabetes

Most symptoms are associated with long-term therapeutic use of the drugs.



Before Calling Emergency:

Determine the following information:

  • Patient's age, weight, and condition (for example, is the person awake or alert?)
  • Name of the product (ingredients and strengths, if known)
  • Time it was swallowed
  • Amount swallowed

However, DO NOT delay calling for help if this information is not immediately available.



Poison Control, or a local emergency number:

The National Poison Control Center (1-800-222-1222) can be called from anywhere in the United States. This national hotline number will let you talk to experts in poisoning. They will give you further instructions.

This is a free and confidential service. All local poison control centers in the United States use this national number. You should call if you have any questions about poisoning or poison prevention. It does NOT need to be an emergency. You can call for any reason, 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.

See: Poison control center - emergency number



What to expect at the emergency room:

The health care provider will measure and monitor the patient's vital signs, including temperature, pulse, breathing rate, and blood pressure. Symptoms will be treated as appropriate. The patient may receive:

  • Activated charcoal
  • Tube through the mouth into the stomach to wash out the stomach (gastric lavage )



Review Date: 2/3/2009
Reviewed By: A.D.A.M. Editorial Team: David Zieve, MD, MHA, Greg Juhn, MTPW, David R. Eltz. Previously reviewed by Stephen C Acosta, MD, Department of Emergency Medicine, Portland VA Medical Center, Portland, OR. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network (10/30/2008).

The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical professional should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Call 911 for all medical emergencies. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. © 1997- A.D.A.M., Inc. Any duplication or distribution of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited.
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