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Definition:

This article describes the skills and growth markers relevant to 5-year-old children.



Alternative Names:

Normal childhood growth milestones - 5 years; Childhood growth milestones - 5 years; Growth milestones for children - 5 years



Information:

Physical and motor skills milestones for a 5-year-old child may include:

  • Erupting the first permanent teeth (the majority of children do not get their first permanent teeth until age 6)
  • Developing increased coordination
  • Skipping, jumping, and hopping with good balance
  • Maintaining balance while standing on one foot with eyes closed
  • Tying own shoelaces
  • Showing increased skill with simple tools and writing utensils
  • Can copy a triangle
  • Spreads with a knife

Sensory and cognitive milestones:

  • Increasing vocabulary to over 2100 words
  • Composing sentences of six to eight words, and with all parts of speech
  • Identifying coins
  • Counting to 10
  • Properly naming the primary colors and possibly many more
  • Questioning more deeply, addressing meaning and purpose
  • Responding to "why" questions
  • Behaving more responsibly and apologizing for mistakes
  • Decreasing aggressive behavior
  • Outgrowing earlier childhood fears
  • Accepting the validity of other points of view (while possibly not understanding them)
  • Demonstrating increased mathematical skill
  • Questioning others, including parents
  • Strongly identifying with the parent of the same sex
  • Has a group of friends
  • Engagin in imaginative play (for example, a trip to the moon)

Ways to encourage a 5 year old's development may include:

  • Reading together
  • Providing the necessary space for physical activity
  • Instructing the child to participate in -- and learn the rules of -- sporting activities
  • Encouraging the child to play with other children, which helps develop social skills
  • Playing creatively with the child
  • Monitoring both the time and content of television viewing
  • Visiting local areas of interest
  • Encourage the child to take responsibility for small household chores such as helping set the table
  • Have the child pick up his or her toys after playing


References: Feigelman S. The Preschool Years. In: Kliegman RM, Behrman RE, Jenson HB, Stanton BF, eds. Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. 18th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2007: Chap. 10.


Review Date: 5/3/2008
Reviewed By: Jennifer K. Mannheim, CRNP, private practice in Autism Treatment and Research, Seattle, Washington. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.

The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical professional should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Call 911 for all medical emergencies. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. © 1997- A.D.A.M., Inc. Any duplication or distribution of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited.
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