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Alternative Names:

Growth milestones for children - 2 years; Normal childhood growth milestones - 2 years; Childhood growth milestones - 2 years



Information:

Physical and motor skill markers:

  • Able to turn a door knob
  • Can browse through a book one page at a time
  • Can build a tower of 6 to 7 cubes
  • Can kick ball without losing balance
  • Can pick up objects while standing, without losing balance (often occurs by 15 months, and would be cause for concern if you don't see it by 2 years)
  • Can run with better coordination, although the stance may remain wide
  • Height is roughly half the total height the child will attain as an adult
  • May be psychologically ready for toilet training
  • Should have the first 16 teeth (can be a wide variation of the actual number of teeth)

Sensory and cognitive markers:

  • Able to put on simple clothes unassisted (frequently more adept at removing clothes than putting them on)
  • Able to communicate needs such as thirst, hunger, need to use the restroom
  • Can organize phrases of 2 to 3 words
  • Increased attention span
  • Vision fully developed
  • Vocabulary has increased to about 50 to 300 words (healthy children demonstrate wide variations)

Play recommendations:

  • Allow the child to help around the house and participate in the daily responsibilities of the family.
  • Encourage and provide the necessary space for physical activity.
  • Encourage play that involves building and creativity.
  • Provide safe replicas of adult tools and equipment.
  • Read to the child.
  • Try to avoid watching television at this age (recommendation of the American Academy of Pediatrics).
  • Parents should control both the content and quantity of television viewing. Limit television viewing to fewer than 3 hours per day, and preferably 1 hour or less. Avoid programming with violent content. Redirect the child to reading or play activities.
  • Control the type of games played.



Review Date: 2/27/2008
Reviewed By: Rachel A. Lewis, MD, FAAP, Columbia University Pediatric Faculty Practice, New York, NY. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.

The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical professional should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Call 911 for all medical emergencies. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. © 1997- A.D.A.M., Inc. Any duplication or distribution of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited.
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