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Developmental milestones
Developmental milestones


Definition:

This article describes the skills and growth targets of 2-month-old infants.



Alternative Names:

Normal childhood growth milestones - 2 months; Childhood growth milestones - 2 months; Growth milestones for children - 2 months



Information:

Physical and motor-skill markers:

  • Closure of posterior fontanelle (soft spot at the back of the head)
  • Several newborn reflexes , such as the stepping reflex (baby appears to dance or step when placed upright on solid surface) and grasp reflex (grasping a finger), disappear
  • Less head lag (head is less wobbly on the neck)
  • When on stomach, able to lift head almost 45 degrees
  • Less flexing of the arms and legs while lying on the stomach

Sensory and cognitive markers:

  • Beginning to look at close objects
  • Coos
  • Crying becomes differentiated (different cries means different things)
  • Head turns from side to side with sound at the level of the ear
  • Smiles
  • Vocal response to familiar voices

Play recommendations:

  • Expose the baby to sounds outside those of the home
  • Take the baby for rides in the car
  • The room should be bright with pictures and mirrors
  • Toys and objects should be bright colors


References: Feigelman S. The first year. In: Kliegman RM, Behrman RE, Jenson HB, Stanton BF, eds. Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. 18th Ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2007: chap 8.


Review Date: 2/27/2009
Reviewed By: Jennifer K. Mannheim, CPNP, private practice, Seattle, WA. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.

The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical professional should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Call 911 for all medical emergencies. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. © 1997- A.D.A.M., Inc. Any duplication or distribution of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited.
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